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Genital herpes and encephalitis; a case history

Authors:

M. Pathiraja ,

Senior Registrar, National STD/AIDS Control Programme, No 29, De Saram Place, Colombo 10, LK
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N. Abegunasekara,

Consultant Venereologist, Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
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A. Gunapala

Consultant Physician, Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
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Abstract

A 19-year-old, previously healthy unmarried girl presented with sudden onset loss of consciousness preceded by genital ulcers, fever and headache. Examination revealed mild neck stiffness, 4/15 of GCS, and upper motor neuron signs in all four limbs. In addition, there were multiple, superficial and tender genital ulcers. Electro Encephalogram (EEG) showed evidence of encephalitis and subsequent serological tests revealed presence of HSV antibodies. Her condition improved remarkably following intravenous Aciclovir therapy. Presence of typical herpetic ulcers, positive type specific serology test for HSV, evidence of encephalitis in the EEG and good response to Aciclovir, favoured the possible diagnosis of Herpes Simplex Encephalitis (HSE).

Sri Lanka Journal of Sexual Health and HIV Medicine Vol.1 2015: 29-32

How to Cite: Pathiraja, M., Abegunasekara, N. & Gunapala, A., (2016). Genital herpes and encephalitis; a case history. Sri Lanka Journal of Sexual Health and HIV Medicine. 1, pp.29–32. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/joshhm.v1i0.12
Published on 17 Feb 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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